Fractures – non accidental injury help first aid treatment for broken bones

After bruising, fractures are the second most common type of non-accidental injury occurring in children; therefore, medical professionals are obliged to be on the lookout for signs of child abuse when they treat children who have sustained broken bones.

A metaphyseal fracture refers to an injury to the metaphysis which is the growing plate at each end of a long bone. Type of broken bones The metaphysis is not a bone but is a piece of cartilage which fuses together in adulthood.

These types of fractures can present on their own or alongside other injuries such as Non Accidental Head Injury. Broken bones in the foot metatarsals They are also often seen as part of the triad of Shaken Baby Syndrome. Broken bones heal stronger The medical knowledge is that metaphyseal Fractures are caused as a result of a pulling and/or twisting of a limb.

Metaphyseal fractures can be caused due to structural abnormalities, disease, infection etc. How to check for broken bones Metaphyseal fractures are often misdiagnosed as an injury resulting from child abuse because it is extremely uncommon for an infant to sustain this type of injury as a result of normal activity or even a fall. Pictures of broken wrist bones Therefore, it is easy for a medical professional to miss signs of disease which could cause weakening of the bone, and subsequently result in a metaphyseal fracture from minor trauma and come straight to the conclusion that the baby must have been abused. Pictures of broken ankle bones Greenstick Fracture

Children’s bones are softer and more flexible than adults as they are still growing; therefore, rather than suffer a complete break of a bone, they often get a greenstick fracture, where the bone simply bends and cracks on one side. Easily broken bones Greenstick fractures can often be difficult to diagnose. Multiple myeloma broken bones Hairline Fracture

A hairline fracture in a child is a fracture that does not go all the way through the bone, ie it can be described as a crack. What is a cast for broken bones Without medical attention the fracture may get worse. Broken bones sticking out Long Bone Fracture

The term ‘long bones’ is used to classify bones in the human body that have a length greater than their width. Baby broken bones An example of a long bone is the femur.

If a child presents at A&E with a long bone fracture, doctors are trained to look out for irregularities in the parent or parent’s stories, or previous, unhealed broken bones, as these type of fractures are strongly associated with abuse in children unless there is an explanation. Doctor games broken bones In conditions such as Osteogenesis Imperfecta and Ricketts you would usually see fractures of the Long Bones. Surgery for broken bones Rib Fracture

Rib fractures are one of the most common types of fractures associated with child abuse. How to join broken bones However, whilst this fact makes it understandable why medical professionals and the child protection agency need to probe into cases where a child presents with a rib fracture; this provides little comfort to parents who are falsely accused of causing the injury to their child. Kids health broken bones It is thought that Rib Fractures are caused by compression or squeezing of the ribs. Broken bones and fractures Skull Fracture

A skull fracture can occur at any point on the skull. Best pain medication for broken bones Professionals have to be careful when identifying skull fractures to make sure that they are not fissures or other abnormalities. How are broken bones treated Skull fractures are of concern to professionals in the absence of an accepted explanation as unless there is an underlying medical condition which could make the skull bones softer than normal it requires force to cause skull fractures which would involve some form of trauma.

Immobile children are not able to cause fractures to themselves. Do broken bones heal stronger For this reason, immobile children presented to hospital with a fracture which has no explanation (or an explanation that is not accepted) medical professionals become concerned. Easily broken bones in children Sometimes when explanations are provided but are not considered to be sufficient an expert is appointed by the Court who considers the explanation to see if it may be responsible for causing the injuries.

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