Cutaneous adverse effects of alcohol _ dermnet new zealand causes of hives in adults

Alcohol abuse has been defined as recurrent alcohol use where it impacts on work, school or home, or to the point it is physically dangerous, gets you into trouble with the law, or continues despite the problems it has created. Hives in children on face Health problems due to alcohol Alcohol intoxication

• Endocrine: low testosterone levels with loss of libido, testicular atrophy, impaired fertility and reduced facial hair, high oestrogen levels with gynaecomastia, change in fat distribution and loss of body hair

One of the earliest signs of alcohol abuse is a persistently red face due to enlarged blood vessels ( telangiectasia). Contact hives rash This appears because regulation of vascular control in the brain fails with sustained alcohol intake.

Hives itching or eczema Flushing

Transient flushing is also a common side effect of alcohol, particularly in heavy drinkers. Hives white bumps It is due to acetaldehyde, the main breakdown product of alcohol. Hives toddler treatment Acetaldehyde is thought to cause flushing by stimulating release of histamine.

Up to 40% of northeastern Asians experience flushing and elevated heart rate after drinking even minimal amounts of alcohol, due to accumulation of acetaldehyde. Hives in toddlers virus This is because of a mutation in acetaldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH2), the enzyme that converts acetaldehyde to acetate.

Along with increasing the risk of liver, pancreatic and breast cancer, alcohol increases the risk of skin cancer including squamous cell carcinoma, basal cell carcinoma, and melanoma. Hives fever Alcohol is also associated with an increased risk of oral cancer.

• Its main metabolite, acetaldehyde, is a carcinogen ( cancer causing chemical). Welts and hives Acetaldehyde produces reactive free radicals and damages DNA.

Nutritional deficiency can develop when alcohol replaces normal food in the diet and the digestive tract and liver do not digest and process food the way they should resulting in malabsorption. Hives are With little calorie or protein intake the skin becomes dry and loses elasticity.

• Vitamin B2 (riboflavin) deficiency presents with angular cheilitis (cracked corners of the mouth), atrophic glossitis (inflamed tongue) and a rash on the face that resembles seborrhoeic dermatitis.

• Pellagra is a deficiency of niacin (vitamin B3) and presents with the three ‘d’s: diarrhoea; dementia and dermatitis on sun-exposed areas. Mild hives on arms Cheilitis and glossitis are also a feature.

Alcohol induces vasodilation and facial flushing in people who have rosacea. Fever with hives sore throat However, alcohol is not the cause of the skin disease in most people.

Although the classic ‘drinker’s nose’ (rhinophyma) was thought to be related to excess alcohol consumption, it has never been proven. Hives allergy causes In a case-control study of 175 people with rosacea and 145 people with normal skin, there was no significant difference in alcohol consumption between the two groups.

Skin infections occur more frequently in patients who drink alcohol excessively due to impairment of the immune system, nutritional deficiency and increased trauma. Hives allergic reaction to food These include:

Alcohol can give rise to allergic or allergy-like symptoms. Alcohol hives liver Along with urticaria (see above), patients may develop low blood pressure, diarrhoea, shortness of breath and low heart rate ( anaphylaxis). Can hives be small Even tiny amounts of alcohol may induce urticaria in people who have had a severe reaction previously, although allergy testing is often negative.

Some apparent allergic reactions to alcohol are due to inherited defects in alcohol metabolising enzymes or allergy to other contents of the drink such as colouring agents, preservatives or flavouring. Causes of chronic hives Interactions of alcohol with dermatological medications