Age and symptomatology of menopause in indian women. bharadwaj ja, kendurkar sm, vaidya pr j postgrad med depression and menopause transition

How to cite this article: Bharadwaj J A, Kendurkar S M, Vaidya P R. Menopause bleeding for 2 months Age and symptomatology of menopause in Indian women. What is the average age women start menopause J Postgrad Med 1983;29:218

How to cite this URL: Bharadwaj J A, Kendurkar S M, Vaidya P R. Menopause and weight loss resistance Age and symptomatology of menopause in Indian women. Menopause the play in atlanta J Postgrad Med [serial online] 1983 [cited 2017 Jan 12];29:218. How to diagnose menopause Available from: http://www.jpgmonline.com/text.asp?1983/29/4/218/5509

Menopause and a long post-menopausal life are peculiar to the human species.


Diagnosis of menopause Figures for the mean age at menopause given by various authors are in the neighbourhood of 50 years. When does a woman go through menopause [3] However, very little information is available about the age at menopause in Indian women.

For the purpose of this study menopause was defined as spontaneous cessation of menstruation for at least one year. Mood changes during menopause Four hundred and ninety five women who had reached natural menopause were interviewed for the study. Symptoms of menopause in women Three hundred and seventy of them were women who attended medical out patient department of the K.E.M. Women in menopause Hospital for minor complaints. Menopause onset They belonged to the lower socioeconomic group (Group I). Pregnancy after menopause statistics One hundred and twenty five women belonging to higher socio-economic group (Group II) were friends and relations of the investigators. Early menopause symptoms They were interviewed by home visits. Thyroid insomnia and menopause The questionnaire elicited information on: age, age at menopause, age at menarche, history of dysmenorrhoea, number of children, whether surgical sterilization had been done and the presence or absence of “menopausal symptoms”. Common symptoms of menopause and perimenopause The reproductive period was calculated from the age at menarche and the age at menopause. Menopause extreme tiredness Blood pressure was recorded in 390 of these women. Menopause thyroid The data was analysed statistically. Menopause pms Data on 495 women (370 of Group I and 125 of Group II) was available for age at menopause, on 476 women (370 of Group I and 106 of Group II) for parity, and on 390 women (310 of Group I and 80 of Group II) for all other parameters.

Data in [Table 1] was analysed using two-tailed, unpaired, Student’s “t” test. What is the average age women go through menopause Data in [Table 2] was analysed using the test for differences in propertions. When does menopause start for most women Data in [Table 3] was analysed using McNamar’s modification of Chi Square test.

The age of women from Group I was 54.26 ± 8.68 years and that of women from Group II was 58.18 ± 9.26 years. Menopause estrogen dominance [Table 1] shows that there was a significant difference between the two groups as far as the age at menopause and parity are concerned. Menopause diagnosis code The women in Group II reached menopause later and had fewer children than women in Group I. Signs menopause is over The difference between the two groups regarding the age at menarche and the reproductive period was statistically not significant.

As seen from [Table 2] the two groups differed significantly in the prevalence of menopausal symptoms, particularly with reference to headache and irritability.

As seen from [Table 3] women with a history of dysmenorrhoea were more prone to have menopausal symptoms than women without history of dysmenorrhoea.

Forty eight out of 390 women had been sterilized surgically. Male menopause symptoms and behavior There was no statistically significant difference between the sterilized and non-sterilized women as far as the age at menopause was concerned.

Hypertension was present in 87 out of 310 women of Group I and in 37 out of 80 women of Group II. Menopause average age onset The difference between the two was statistically significant (p < 0.01).

The mean age at menopause in Indian women was 45.03 years in this study. Signs of early menopause In western countries, the mean age at menopause is higher [Table 4]. Bleeding during menopause cancer [3] Nutrition, climate and racial factors may be responsible for this difference. Causes of early menopause Nutritional factors play an important role in deciding the age at menopause. When does a woman get menopause [3] In some studies, it was found that the age at menopause was higher in better nourished than in the poorly nourished women. Surgical menopause symptoms without hrt [3] Difference between the two groups in this study was probably due to the differences in the socio-economic status and, by inference, nutritional status. Menstruation menopause Frommer [5] has documented an increase in the age at menopause over the last one century. Severe menopause symptoms hot flashes This may be because of improved hygiene, better nutrition and medical care. Menopause menstruation joke [5] Jaszman et al [10] have made a similar observation.

In the present study, we found no correlation between the age at menarche and the age at menopause. Menopause and pubic hair loss However, Beard [3] has made the observation that the earlier the age at menarche the later the age at menopause. Menopause night sweats how long The cause for such a correlation is probably the same factors that lead to an early menarche, viz. Surgical menopause symptoms better nutritional status and better living conditions, which also influence the age at. Menopause effects on mood menopause and, as a result, increase the overall reproductive period. Early menopause symptoms age 38 [3] Some authors deny any such relationship between the two. What are the signs of menopause in women [9], [11], [13], [14]

In this study, the age at menopause bore no correlation with parity. Menopause meaning in telugu The finding was in accordance with those of some authors. Menopause cycle chart [9], [10], [11] However, Beard [3] and Soberon et al [15] found a positive correlation between the age at menopause and parity in women belonging to higher socio-economic group but not in women in lower socio-economic group. Surgical menopause depression The explanation given by Sober-on et al [15] was as follows: during the natural event of pregnancy, blood levels of sex hormones are high and ovulation is supressed; hence more follicles remain in the ovary and this makes the ovary `last longer’. When does menopause start after a total hysterectomy Soberon et al, [15] in the same paper, have also criticised their own explanation on the grounds that the number of follicles thus `saved’ is a tiny fraction of the total number of follicles in the ovary and that during pregnancy, though ovulation is suppressed, follicular atresia continues. Definition of menopause in psychology [15]

The difference in the prevalence of menopausal symptoms between the two groups was probably attributed to the tendency of the lower socio-economic group of women to ignore the symptoms as compared to the higher socio-economic group. Early onset menopause causes In Aitken’s series, [2] 20% of women were asymptomatic while in this study, 70.51% of women were free of symptoms. Symptoms of menopause onset uk This difference may be cultural.

The observation that women who admitted to having had dysmenorrhoea were more liable to have menopausal symptoms is probably consistent with the hypothesis that some women complain more than others and those who complain in one area of life would also complain in other areas. Age menopause A similar association was noted in a report of Medical Women’s Federation. What age does female menopause start [13]

We do not have an explanation for the higher frequency of hypertension in Group II but the higher mean age might be one of the contributing factors; other factors such as obesity were not looked into in this study.

Abramson, J. Menopause depression H., Gampel, B., Slome, C., Scotch, N. What age does menopause start after a hysterectomy and Majola, C. Menopause 2014 C.: Age at menopause of urban Zulu women. Menopause meaning in gujarati Science, 132: 356-357, 1960. When do women go into menopause Quoted by Beard.

Aitken, J. Menopause changes in body odor M., Davidson, A., England, P., Govan, A. After menopause spotting D. At what age does a woman start menopause T., Hart, D. Menopause bleeding heavy M., Kelly, A., Lindsay, R. Menopause and menstruation and Moffatt, A.: The relationship between menopausal vasomotor symptoms and gonadotropin excretion in urine after oophorectomy. Meaning of menopause in telugu Obstet. Menopause starting symptoms and Gynaec. Hormonal changes menopause Survey, 30: 127-129, 1975.

Benjamin, F.: The age of the menarche and of the menopause in white South African women and certain factors influencing these times. Normal age menopause South Afr. Menopause early periods Med. Signs n symptoms of menopause J., 34: 316-320, 1960. Early menopause age 37 Quoted by Beard.[3]

Hauser, G. Menopause is A., Obiri, J. When does menopause start age A” Valaer, M., Erb, H., Mueller, T., Remen, U. Fibroids after menopause symptoms and Vanaanen, P.: Der Einfluss des Menarchealters auf des Menopausealter. Surgical menopause and weight gain Gynaecologia, 152: 279-286, 1961. Menopause uk forum Quoted by Beard.[3]

Hauser, G. What is the age for menopause in india A., Remen, U., Valaer, M., Erb, H., Mueller, T. Menopause night sweats and chills and Obiri, J.: Menarche and menopause in Israel. When do women start menopause Gynaecologia., 155: 38-47, 1963. Menopause pregnancy symptoms Quoted by Beard.[3]

Hofmann, D. Menopause sleep disturbances and Soergel, T.: Untersuchungen fiber des Menarchen-und Menopausenalter (Studies on the age of menarche and the age of menopause). Menopause effects on sexuality Geburtshilfe Frauenheilkd, 32: 969-977, 1972.

Howkins, J. Menopause and mood swings uk and Bourne, G. Starting menopause at 48 (Eds.): “Shaw’s Text Book of Gynaecology”, 9th Edition, The ELBS and Churchill Livingstone, Edinburgh and London, 1971, pp. Menopause after hysterectomy how long does it last 95-100.

McKinley, S., Jeffery, S. What causes menopause to start M. Menopause pregnancy symptoms similar and Thompson, B.: An investigation of the age at menopause. Menopause diet plan to lose weight J. Menopause and dizziness Biosoc. Pms symptoms after menopause Sci., 4: 161-173, 1972. What age is male menopause Quoted by Beard.[3]

Novak, E. Early menopause causes early death R., Jones, G. When is the menopause S. Male menopause symptoms nhs and Jones, H. Menopause diet and exercise plan W.: “Gynaecology, Condensed From Novak’s Text Book of Gynaecology”. Menopause periods closer together 9th Edition, Williams and Wilkins Company, Baltimore, 1975, pp. Pregnancy after menopause stories 57-58.